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The Historic Recurrence Of The World and Iran

The Historic Recurrence Of The World and Iran

Vahid Takro

May 23rd, 2018

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The history is always repeating, and in fact, no one has ever put the history that we had, in front of the history that we have today. But there were also those who had enough knowledge of this incident and had enough boldness to display it. For example, a Spanish philosopher and poet, George Santayana, who said: "Those who do not remember history are condemned to repeat it." makes our mind busy. Are we really repeating the history? Looking for the answer to this question, I have been studying many of the world's most authoritative sources for years. During the history, the rulers always had a limit on people's access to the truths of the past, they wrote whatever they wanted in historical books, published in schools, introduced their own enemies and friends. I am a motive force who has a lot of desire to transfer what he knows, although the history is very deep and long, but a summary of it can be read. Therefore, I try to write from the beginning of the history of ancient Iran and even before the Achaemenid Empire. Why are they saying Iran is the cradle of civilization in the world? What is civilization? When and how Iran was created? So I traveled to Khuzestan to take some photos to publish with these writings. In fact, 5000 years ago Susa in Khuzestan was the capital of the first Iranian civilization, Elamite. Keep in mind that what I write is the result of my studies of world-renowned sources and none of the resources that have been written in favor of modern and contemporary governments have been involved. After centuries and passing through the early humans, the history of the world was shaped by the formation of civilizations. Cities were created and human greed for the expansion of the area caused so many wars and bloodshed. But where in the world the first civilizations were made? Civilization: A civilization is generally defined as an advanced state of human society containing highly developed forms of government, culture, industry, and common social norms. A civilization is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication (for example, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment. The English word "civilization" comes from the 16th-century French civilisé ("civilized"), from Latin civilis ("civil"), related to civis ("citizen") and civitas ("city"). Cradle of civilization 1. Mesopotamia Civilizations - 3700 BC (some said 4500 BC) Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders. Includes: Sumer - Akkad - Babylon - Assur 2. Ancient Egypt (Nile River Valley) - 3100 BC 3. Indus River Valley (in a region that is today Pakistan and northern India) 4. Chinese Civilizations (Yellow River Valley) 5. Aegean Civilization (in modern Greece - Aegean sea area) And smaller civilizations have been created in Elam in the modern world of Iran, and in Crete Island in the Adriatic Sea, such as the Ummak civilization, which was in the modern world of Mexico. Bear in mind that after the collapse of these civilizations, 530 BC, different tribes of Aryan formed the first great empire in the world in Iran. Which includes: Achaemenid Empire (550-330 BC) and then: Sassanid Empire (AD 651 AD) Safavid Dynasty (1736-1501) Afshari dynasty (176-1736 AD) Qajar Dynasty (1925-1785) Iran is the cradle of civilization in the world: I knew that Iranian history dates back about 7000 years ago, I have read in well-known articles and sources that the ancient Silk hills of Kashkan, Marlik in the south of Guilan, Hasanlu in the south of Urmia, Shahr-e Sukhteh in Sistan and Baluchistan are from their earliest. But what happened to Iran afterwards? Iran, the cradle of civilization that its fertile soil has always led the others to fight for and conquer it, and one of its beautiful and glorious regions (Khuzestan) witnessed many up and downs during the history for more than 5000 years. Khuzestan a land full of mysteries is like an adventurous book. In fact, exploration of Mesopotamia and Elam’s civilization and the Persian Empire was what I was waiting for, although I had seen Khuzestan in my childhood, but the pleasure of traveling is in knowledge. In the map below, you will see the places and names of the first and most ancient civilizations of the world, the first was the Mesopotamia civilization. In this study, we will read about the Mesopotamian civilizations, from the beginning to the end, and later, we will read about the Medes and the advent of the Achaemenid Empire. Mesopotamia Sumer and Elamite civilization About 5000 years ago (2700 BC), Sumer was the earliest known civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze ages, and arguably the first civilization in the world with Ancient Egypt and the Indus Valley. The cuneiform was invented at that time, then at the same time the first Iranian civilization called Elam was formed by ancient Lurs along the Karoun River. The Elamites called their country as “haltamti” which means “the land of God.” Archaeologists today see Lurs as the survivors of the same civilization with the same culture and behavior. In fact, the true name of this country is haltamti, the name of Elam is given to them by neighbors, just like we say Hungary, but they call their country as “Magyarország“, so the correct name of the countries is the one they use and pronounce, not the name we have chosen for them and pronounce it. And it’s the same about Elamite, name of this land is either Haltamti or Helmathi, not the Hebrew name of Elam, which was chosen solely by their enemies and brought in Jewish books, which is not scientific at all. Sumer Civilization Capital: Uruk Founded: about 6500 years ago (4500 BC) Disestablished: 3900 years ago (1900 BC) Duration: about 2600 years Elam civilization Capital: Susa (Shush) Founded: about 4700 years ago (2700 BC) Disestablished: 2557 years ago (539 BC) Duration: about 2140 years Akkad civilization About 3,452 years ago (2334 BC), a person called Sargon of Akkad attacked the Sumerian civilization, seized all Mesopotamia and attacked neighboring countries such as Elam (haltamti) and Assyria and defeated them. Eventually the first empire of history arose. But after Sargon’s death, the Akkadian Empire did not last and the whole country was chaotic. The Elamites who used to retaliate for the attack took advantage of the situation, defeated the Akkad Empire and returned to their country and put Susa as their capital. (Keep in mind that about 500 BC the biblical Book of Esther is set in the Persian capital of Susa (Shushan/Shush) in the third year of the reign of the Persian king Ahasuerus.) As I have repeatedly said, history is always repeating, when a kingdom fails or a country is chaotic (like today’s Syria, and yesterday’s Iran), the enemies attack them for revenge and greed for wealth. After the death of Sargon, nomad wild tribes from the Arab desert attacked southern Mesopotamia and over time, they became acquainted with advanced civilizations like Sumer, built the city of Babylon, and the next generations created the Babylonian civilization. Capital: Akkad Founded: 4352 years ago (2334 BC) Disestablished: 4173 years ago (2155 BC) Duration: 179 years Babylonian and Assyria civilizations & The end of Elamites When the Babylon civilization was in the process, the Assyrian wild tribe invaded the north of Mesopotamia and conquered it, The Assyrians built palaces with the plunder of the wealth of their neighbors and forced captives to work. For a long time, the civilizations of Elam, Babylon and Assyria fought together. In one of these wars, the Elamites defeated the two civilizations and, after centuries, the Assyrians and the Babylonians were again able to take back the lands. Until about 1100 to 770 BC, the unification of Elam and Babylon took place against Assyria. As long as 639 BC, Elam was defeated by the Assyrian Empire and disappeared from the world forever. And eventually the king of Assyria plundered the Shush. In a tablet unearthed in 1854 by Henry Austin Layard, Ashurbanipal (king of Assyria) boasts of the destruction he had wrought: “Susa, the great holy city, abode of their Gods, seat of their mysteries, I conquered. I entered its palaces, I opened their treasuries where silver and gold, goods and wealth were amassed … I destroyed the ziggurat of Susa. I smashed its shining copper horns. I reduced the temples of Elam to naught; their gods and goddesses I scattered to the winds. The tombs of their ancient and recent kings I devastated, I exposed to the sun, and I carried away their bones toward the land of Ashur. I devastated the provinces of Elam and on their lands I sowed salt.” Susa Ziggurat is the “Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat”. Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat: Religion was very important in the life of the Elamites. They considered all the good happenings to be divine gifts. Elam was a polytheist country, they worshiped different gods in their different states. The hierarchy of the gods was like this: female gods, then men gods, were at the top of the gods. When Susa (Shush) became the capital of the Elamites, “Inshushinak”, the god of Susas, was at the top of the gods. About 1250 BC (about 3200 years ago), Untash-Napirisha (the great king of Elamite) built the city of “Dur-Untash” near the Dez River between Susa and today’s Shushtar and built a Ziggurat in the middle of it. One of the ancient arts left by the Elam civilization is the “Chogha Zanbil” ziggurat near Shoush (Khuzestan province). This huge ziggurat was made of millions of bricks. This place was the first religious site in Iran and also is considered to be the best preserved example of the stepped pyramidal monument by UNESCO. In 1979, Chogha Zanbil became the first Iranian site to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In a few sentences, the king summarizes the principles of making this ziggurat: “After I got the building materials, I built here the city of Dur-Untash and the sacred place. I enclosed it with an internal and an outer wall. The temple that I built is not like what the previous kings had built. And I dedicate it to the God, Inshushinak, the protectors of the holy place. I hope that my building and effort will be dedicated to him, may the pleasure of Inshushinak be established here.” How was Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat found? In 1890, a well-known geologist Jacques de Morgan reported that there are oil mines in the Chugha Zanbil area. It seems that Iran’s oil company was founded following the same report. After fifty years, engineers who were busy with petroleum activities in Chogha Zanbil found a brick on which there were writings. They sent the brick for archaeologists exploring in Susa, and thereafter, a chain of explorations took place in Chogha Zanbil, which led to the discovery of the Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat and some other important antiquities. For many centuries, this place was buried under the soil in the form of an overturned basket until it was excavated by the Frenchman Roman Ghirshman during the second Pahlavi time. The excavation of this symmetrical convex building located in the heart of the plain made the world more knowledgeful of the ancient Persian history. Assyria Civilization Capital: Assur, ... Founded: 4518 years ago (2500 BC) Dissolved: 2623 years ago (605 BC) Duration: 1895 years Babylonian Civilization Capital: Babylon Founded: 3913 years ago (1895 BC) Dissolved: 2557 years ago (539 BC) Duration: 1356 years Medes Empire This devastation and cruel killing by Ashurbanipal remained in the minds of the Persians until less than half a century, then later the Medes, led by the Iranian king Cyaxares, were able to take revenge on the Assyrian.

Travel To Iran: A Misunderstood Wonderland Behind the Stereotypes

Travel To Iran: A Misunderstood Wonderland Behind the Stereotypes

Vahid Takro

April 21st, 2018

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In this post, I want to write about the mental conflicts and misconceptions about Persia's safety. Something that maybe every travel blogger has posted his/her personal experience on their blog. But after 4 years collecting the information and experiences of travelers, I'm writing this post. But how did I get to know other people's experiences? At first I knew that many people from outside had a completely wrong mentality about Iran, so they think they will not return alive if they travel to Iran. Even one day in Paris I met a man in a bar, when I told him I came from Iran, he said: "Don't you have a bomb?" of course that was a joke but this was a misconception about Iran. Sometimes I knew that the media had dragged the name of Iran here. That's why when I said the original and real name of Iran, "Persia", they would even be pleased to meet me. I just realized that a secret should be behind this, the secret that media should respond to. Actually I hate wars, not only wars, I hate the ice and distance between people. I read some books, some news, and most of all I chatted with the world, I found a lot of virtual friends from all of the world. Many nationalities had a very horrific image about Iran. And finally I realized that the media had a very bad effect on our minds. I wanted to fight against this stereotypes, against the distance between humans. I started inviting all my virtual friends to the place where I lived. Even those who I didn’t know. I did this for about a year, I saw how people are happy and match together! I became friend with people of different nationalities, and I can say that all nationalities can be peaceful.

Cyrus the Great: King Of The World (2)

Cyrus the Great: King Of The World (2)

Vahid Takro

April 6th, 2018

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2600 years ago, when the rulers' tradition of that era was warfare and killing, A man ruled over the Persia (Iran) and the world, who for the first time said that humans have rights. Respect for human rights led him to conquer Babylon without the war. The Achaemenid empire created by Cyrus was the first multicultural and multi-religious state. The Achaemenid Empire is named as the largest empire in the world for its breadth and population. More than 49 million of the 112 million people in the world at that time lived in this land. In the Achaemenid period, about thirty different nations were under the control of this empire. This government accepted the various habits, peoples, languages, and religions. All of them were respected by Cyrus. Cyrus established a model to say how to manage a large multinational, multi cultural and multireligious community. He transformed the whole of the modern Middle East into a single country at that time, which people could live with different religions in it for 200 years. Cyrus remains as a model throughout the whole Europe for their culture. The book "Cyropaedia", written by Xenophon, "How to run a diverse society" Was one of the great books that influenced the founders of the American Revolution. Cyrus Cylinder: This cylinder was written 538 BC by Cyrus and found in 1879 AD. This cylinder is known as "the first declaration of universal human rights". Most importantly, Cyrus as the speaker on this tablet - is a hero and defender of the homeland with Persian identity who supports all the religions. Freethought, respect for the rights of human beings of any color and race, with any belief and faith, without looting, killing, destruction, captivity, bullying, as well as ordering the reconstruction of the wreckage caused by the war and even the ruins before the arrival of the Parsians, the modernization of the ruined temples, are the things that makes this cylinder a great prism for the liberty and justice. Many thanks to Mr. Robert Neil McGregor

Persepolis: Workers at the Persepolis

Persepolis: Workers at the Persepolis

Vahid Takro

April 5th, 2018

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About 85 years ago, a excavation was carried out on a corner of Persepolis, they've found about 40,000 clay tablets. You know the reason yourself why these clay tablets are now kept in USA, but it's interesting to note that before the advent of these tablets, many have said that the Persepolis was made by forcing people to work like the Pyramids of Egypt, and like using of slaves in the Roman Empire; but these tablets proves that they've paid to all the workers who worked in palaces of Persepolis, including construction workers, carpenters, and architects and engineers, and each of these tablets is a document for the salary of one or several workers. They also paid a lot of respect to the workers. It was determined that women and men were equal, women could work full-time/part-time, women had the right to inherit, mothers benefited from maternity and children had social protection benefits. All social security, which, in the words of Mrs. Prof. Heidemarie Koch, is not even done completely today in a country like Germany, is miraculous for 500 years BC (2600 years ago). In Persian origin, the respect was always the beginning of everything, and that's why the Persepolis and the other achievements of the Persian kings and their civilization are still immortal. Pythagoras, the Greek philosopher and traveler, who traveled to Persia during construction of Persepolis (600 BC), described it in his book as a huge building and said that hundreds are completing it, and when this building is completed, it will be the largest building in the world

Persepolis: Tachara Palace for Darius I

Persepolis: Tachara Palace for Darius I

Vahid Takro

April 4th, 2018

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So far I've visited Persepolis for 6 or 7 times. For the first time in my childhood, I looked at this magnificent place as a beautiful and historic architecture. I am sure that you have also experienced the feeling that when you go to a place after a long time, you think that place is smaller than what you had seen before in your childhood, but every time I visited Persepolis, this place was bigger and bigger than what I've experienced before. The Achaemenid kings respected the whole world, all nationalities and religions. I always complain about the thrones of today's kings, I am always complaining that the kings should be always ready to help people rather than rest in their palaces. But looking at Persepolis, I think with myself, so what are the desirability of sitting on the king's throne? Who is more suitable than Cyrus and Darius? Those who opened the doors of peace on all nations, those who showed their greatness to the world, If Cyrus and Darius don't deserve to be in this palace, who deserve it? The Persepolis shows the power of the Achaemenid dynasty, the place that they have created 2600 years ago, is not a place made with the stolen gold from neighboring countries, is made by rocks of the territory of this country (Persia). This is Tachara Palace, which was the exclusive building of Darius I at Persepolis, Persia

Persepolis: Ahura Mazda & Zoroastrianism

Persepolis: Ahura Mazda & Zoroastrianism

Vahid Takro

April 1st, 2018

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Ahura Mazda is the Avestan name for the creator and sole God of Zoroastrianism, the old Iranian religion that spread across the Middle East, before ultimately being relegated to small minorities after the Muslim conquest of Iran. Ahura Mazda is described as the highest spirit of worship in Zoroastrianism, along with being the first and most frequently invoked spirit in the Yasna. The literal meaning of the word Ahura is "mighty" or "lord", and Mazda is "wisdom". So, before the occupation of Iran by the Arabs and the promotion of Islam, the Iranians worshiped the religion of Ahura Mazda, Zoroaster. Iranians have never been Muslim before, and even the religion of Islam began in the 7th century AD. That's about 1300-1900 years after the history of Iran and Zoroastrianism. At that time, Iranians believed in a belief that was prevalent in Zoroastrianism which was: "The way in the world is just one, and that way is truth". But what is the symbol of this religion? A symbol that can be found on the walls of Persepolis which is also the symbol of Achaemenid Empire? The "Faravahar" is one of the best-known symbols of Iran. It symbolizes Zoroastrianism, the main religion of pre-Islamic Persia, and Iranian nationalism. The Faravahar is the most worn pendant among Iranians and has become a secular national symbol, rather than a religious symbol. It symbolizes good thoughts, good words and good deeds, which are the basic tenets and principles of Zoroastrianism. You can see the "Faravahar" in my photo, which I love with every fiber of my being and every breath of my body. And I'm still trying to keep going that way that goes to the truth. Also Mazda (car company) name comes from Ahura Mazda (God of Light), the god of harmony, intelligence and wisdom from the earliest civilization in West Asia. with the hope that it would brighten the image of these compact vehicles. And also the logo of Mazda comes from "Faravahar".

Cyrus the Great: King Of The World

Cyrus the Great: King Of The World

Vahid Takro

March 31st, 2018

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Who was "Cyrus"? and why "the Great" is so fit on him? Cyrus the Great was the founder and the first king of Achaemenid Empire (First Persian Empire). 600-530 BC (2600 years ago) It was the first empire that the whole world was following its civilization, and united the whole world for more than three centuries. The kings of this dynasty were from the Persians and brought their descendants to "Achaemenid". Cyrus the Great was not only a genius and a king, but also the founder of the first genuine civilization and culture. He invited all to peace, united the nations, and he used them in his kingdom with the titles of the boss, ministers, and so on. On the walls of Persepolis, you can see different people with different clothes, for example, Persian people in Elamite clothes. Many have said that Cyrus was very kind, and always wanted and did the best for the Iranians. Dandamayev said that "Cyrus was the most popular king of Persia and the founder of a global empire. Cyrus respected the tradition and the religions of the conquered lands." Cyrus himself was the worshiper of Ahura Mazda, But different religions have written about the "popularity of Cyrus". For example, in the religion of the Jews and the Old Testament, Cyrus is referred as "the Lord - God of Paradise" and "The king of the whole world". Cyrus the Great in the Quran is a theory that holds that the character of Dhul-Qarnayn, mentioned in the Quran, In Quran, Dhul-Qarnayn was the king of justice and a man who was so kind with the people. Monotheism, philanthropy, love and humanity are among the traits of Dhul-Qarnayn in the Muslim scripture. Whenever you can, act as a liberator. Freedom, dignity, wealth — these three together constitute the greatest happiness of humanity. If you bequeath all three to your people, their love for you will never die. - Cyrus the Great

Third Eye: Tehran, Iran

Third Eye: Tehran, Iran

Vahid Takro

June 7th, 2017

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Today the terrorist attack in Tehran made up stories for news of the world. I'm so sorry, I never thought someday I'll use Iran's flag in my Third Eye Project. But the biggest question in my mind is that why they do this attack when they know they are going to commit suicide at the end? Today I have a very bad mood, since I'm now in the city, I'm so sorry for everything and everyone. What is the best way? Stationary or moving? Silence or action? And at the end, I don't mark myself as safe, my heart is broken

Jumping In The Air

Jumping In The Air

Vahid Takro

March 3rd, 2017

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You're always waiting for a message from your friends, and they are always in touch with you. You're always greeting each other and always happy to have some close friends. On the other hand, in fact, close friends are the ones who are rarely in contact with you and sometimes take a great step for you. Some of my friends are like that, and I'm proud of them. how do you greet your real friends? This is something that you have to think about. About the photo: I always have a lot of comments about my jumping photos: "they are fake", "how did you jump?", ... in fact all of them are real. And who is my jumping teacher? Viktoria, a yoga and pilates instructor and a professional photo jumper, taught me how to jump for the first time. Althought after that I've jumped for thousand times, but this is my most memorable jumping photo. Can you make it? Photo was taken by: Zoltan Erdei

Happy Birthday Sadegh Hedayat

Happy Birthday Sadegh Hedayat

Vahid Takro

February 17th, 2017

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Happy Birthday Sadegh Hedayat, the immortal open-minded author of Persia. Père Lachaise Cemetery is full of graves that are alive for me. Indeed, Père Lachaise is bigger than what it seems. When I got there I first wanted to find Sadegh Hedayat, Open-minded author of the book "The Blind Owl" which I had read years ago. Believe it or not, years ago before I read his books, I've found some translitions of books by Franz Kafka which he had done before. His skillful use of words and creativity of translation made me realize that a superb writer is behind the pen. Yes, thereafter I fell in love with his modernist literature. Sadegh Hedayat, (February 17, 1903 in Tehran – April 9, 1951 in Paris) was an Persian writer, translator and intellectual. Best known for his novel The Blind Owl, he was one of the earliest Iranian writers to adopt literary modernism in their career. At the end of 1950, Hedayat left Iran for Paris. There, on 9 April 1951, he committed suicide by gassing himself in a small rented apartment on 37 Rue Championnet. He had plugged all the gaps in the windows and door with cotton and, so it would not burden anyone, he had placed the money (a hundred thousand francs) for his shroud and burial in his side wallet in plain view. He was buried at the division 85 of Père Lachaise Cemetery. His funeral was attended by a number of intimate friends and close acquaintances, both Iranian and French.